According to findings published in the Journal of Periodontology, many women report increased inflammation and discomfort of the gums during their menstrual cycle. Symptoms typically include a slight burning sensation in gums, gums that bleed with minor irritation, redness of the gums, mouth ulcers, and pain and discomfort in the gums.
In this study, researchers compared the gingival and periodontal status of pre-menopausal women between ages 20 – 50 at different times in their menstrual cycles. They found that gum tissue inflammation was lower during menstruation than during ovulation and pre-menstruation, which may be due to hormonal spikes and drops.
While it’s not known if these changes could have lasting negative effects on gum health, women in this age bracket are encouraged to relay symptoms experienced during their menstrual cycle, including all prescription or over-the-counter medications they take.
It is always our goal to provide optimal oral health and wellness to our patients. Please know that any changes in your mouth should be relayed to us, even if in-between your regularly scheduled check-ups.