Periodontal (gum) disease, including Gingivitis, are infections in the mouth. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky film that constantly forms on teeth) causes inflammation on gum tissue.
Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease. It causes red and swollen gums that bleed easily although there is minimal discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often the result of inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and a proper oral home care regimen.
If not treated, Gingivitis will develop into full-blown Periodontitis. Eventually, plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Toxins from bacteria in plaque irritate the gums and create inflammation. This attacks the tissues and bone that support the teeth, causing gums to separate from the teeth, forming infection pockets between teeth and gums. Over time, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed even though you may experience only mild symptoms. Unfortunately, teeth will loosen and require removal in the latter stages of gum disease.
Bleeding or tenderness of gum tissue is not normal and the beginning of periodontal disease. We provide non-surgical therapy to combat periodontal disease comfortably. We also offer laser dentistry for certain stages of gum disease. Since the bacteria of gum disease has been linked to other serious health problems, including coronary artery disease, diabetes, preterm babies and stroke, tending to your oral health is a sound way to enhance your overall health and well-being!